SALEM, Ore. (July 2, 2015) On Tuesday, Oregon Governor Kate Brown signed a bill into law that prohibits law enforcement from obtaining information from electronic devices without a warrant in most cases. The new law will not only protect privacy in Oregon, but will also address a practical effect of federal spying.
Sen. Chip Shields (D-Portland), Rep. Jennifer Williamson (D-Portland), Sen. Tim Knopp (R – Bend) and Rep. John Huffman (R-The Dalles) introduced Senate Bill 641 (SB641) in February. The bill prohibits state and local law enforcement officers from using “forensic imaging” to obtain information contained in a portable electronic device except with a warrant, or by consent. “Forensic imaging” means “using an electronic device to download or transfer raw data from a portable electronic device onto another medium of digital storage,” but does not include photographing or transcribing information “observable from the portable electronic device by normal unaided human senses.”
SB641 stipulates that any information “obtained” in violation of the law:
(a) Is not admissible in and may not be disclosed in a judicial proceeding, administrative proceeding, arbitration proceeding or other adjudicatory proceeding; and
(b) May not be used to establish reasonable suspicion or probable cause to believe that an offense has been committed.
The law exempts jails, state hospitals, and parole and probation officers from the restrictions.
The House passed the bill by a 44-4 vote, and the Senate approved the measure 26-2. The law will go into effect Jan. 1, 2016.
As originally introduced, SB641 prohibited any search of an electronic device without a warrant. While the version passed by the Senate allows police to search a phone and look at information readily observable, the legislation still prohibits electronic surveillance and bulk collection of data.
IMPACT ON FEDERAL PROGRAMS
SB641 not only limits the actions of state and local law enforcement in Oregon, it also ends one practical effect of federal, warrantless spying. By making any information “obtained” in violation of the law inadmissible in court, it will stop state and local law enforcement from using such information shared with them by federal agencies like the NSA.
Reuters revealed the extent of NSA data sharing with state and local law enforcement in an August 2013 article. According to documents obtained by the news agency, the NSA passes information to police through a formerly secret DEA unit known Special Operations Divisions (SOD). The report revealed the cases “rarely involve national security issues.” Almost all of the information sharing involves regular criminal investigations.
According to the documents obtained by Reuters, after the SOD passes data along to state or local law enforcement, it then works with them to “create” an investigation, working backward to obscure the origin of the information in a process known as “parallel construction.” In other words, not only does the NSA collect and store bulk data and information collected without a warrant, the spy agency encourages state and local law enforcement to violate the Fourth Amendment by making use of this information in day-to-day investigations.
Former NSA Chief Technical Director William Binney called this process country’s “greatest threat since the Civil War.”
The new Oregon law makes information and obtained by third parties like the NSA in violation of state law inadmissible in court, ending parallel construction.